Some of the significant project roles to be considered in an Agile project management approach are as below:
1) Product Owner: A product owner is a person from the client side who can deliver clarifications on the requirements or specifications for the product or service and also deliver information about the new features of the product or service.
2) Scrum Master: The Scrum Master is answerable for handling all the activities of the Scrum. The Scrum master plays the role of a facilitator and make sure that the Scrum team is provided with an environment which is good for finishing the day-to-day project work. The Scrum Master trains, facilitates and coaches every member of the Scrum team about the best applies followed in Scrum.
The Scrum Master removes any difficulties in the project, and make sure that the Scrum processes are being followed thoroughly. The Scrum Master also plays the role of a mediator and tries to make sure the good working relationship between the Product Owner, the stakeholders, and the Scrum team. The Scrum Master is also answerable for taking the daily standup meetings for the project and ensure that the project deliverables are delivered on schedule and with good quality. The Scrum Master also has the concern of making sure the Scrum team remains concentrated on the project work and does not have any other distractions, which might affect their work.
The Scrum master is measured as an expert in the ground of Scrum and is expected to train and guide the team whenever there is a problem or any scenario in the project which needs some attention and expertise regarding the Scrum best practices; which may then be applied by the Scrum master. The Scrum Master is a lead role, and the individual who fills this role should be able to central the team from a position of influence. The Scrum master must be good at coordination, team management and must be an expert in the Scrum best practices.
3) Scrum Team: The Scrum team knobs the development of the service or product. The team involves in the coding, building and testing activities for the product or service. Some of the jobs of the Scrum team members are as follows:
i) Responsible for converting action items in the Product backlog into functional parts.
These items of the product or service must meet the acceptance criteria.
ii) Every Scrum team member is a professional in a particular area.
The areas could be Business Analysis, Quality Control, Programming.
They bring this particular expertise into the show while bringing the action items in the Product Backlog.
iii) The teammates should communicate with each other.
They should ensure that they develop a good quality product tor service, it should obey the client’s requirements.
iv) Should be present for the daily stand-up meeting which is generally for around 15 minutes.
v) The Scrum teammates are self-organizing. The team individuals determine how to go ahead with the items in the Product Backlog.
The Scrum master defines the prioritized Product Backlog. They do this with some support and explanations from the Product Owner during the Sprint Planning meeting. Then the scrum master can select the number of items from the prioritized Product Backlog. Scrum master then added them in the new Sprint that is made using the Agile tool. They assign each item in the Sprint backlog to each Scrum team individuals.
After this, the Scrum team will start work on every assigned item in the Sprint Backlog. The team individuals also present for the daily stand-up meeting, generally held for 15 minutes at the start of the day. By the end of the sprint, the Scrum master took a Sprint Review meeting. The Product Owner and the Scrum team is also present for this meeting to review the position of the items in scope for the current sprint.
The Product owner may make some changes and apprises to these items as finished if they meet the acceptance demand. The Scrum master held the Sprint Retrospective meeting with the Scrum team. The Product Owner may also join the meeting to discuss what went good in the last sprint. Some recommendations for quality enhancements of the deliverables can be given during the meeting. The team may also talk on the lessons learned and document them. The team documents the information about the position of every item in the Product Backlog, which was in scope for the current sprint.
Also, the team is responsible for the document the other important problems faced during the current sprint. The team also documents the resolutions recognized for significant issues. The team should document the instructions learned and other vital information discussed. The team is responsible for document all the minutes of the Sprint Retrospective meeting as part of the Minutes of the Meeting (MOM) document. The team trails the same practice for the Sprint Review meeting as well. We may save these documents in a commonly shared project document repository. There is a number of project document repository software in the world such as Microsoft SharePoint, etc.